Last Updated on October 9, 2022 by Barry Gray
For arachnophobes, the sight of a spider hanging from the ceiling will result in mad scrambling to exit the room. Not everyone will have such an extreme response. Some people may just feel anxious and others interested. One thing is certain; the spider has no desire to interact with people or make contact in any way or form. In fact, the spider is probably oblivious to your presence. So, what is the purpose of spiders hanging from the ceiling?
Spiders eat insects. They hang from the ceiling to have easy access to flying insects found around the roof area of houses. They also hang from a single thread to protect themselves from predators when they sleep. Spiders may also use threads to move from one place to another.
Although arachnophobes find it hard to believe, spiders are beneficial creatures essential to ecological systems. They help keep insect populations in check, including those nasty biting mosquitoes and irritating flies. Having a spider hanging from your ceiling is in your best interests.
What Are The Reasons Spiders Hang From Ceilings?
Spiders are insectivorous, and an excellent place to find insects is near the ceiling in houses. Flies, moths, mosquitoes, and other flying insects often fly near the ceiling or sit on the roof. It makes sense that spiders hunting insects will position themselves close to where they are commonly found.
Not many people, including scientists, think about spiders’ sleeping habits. This intrigued a researcher from Harvard University named Daniela Roessler. She found that different spiders have different sleeping habits. They also take precautions to protect themselves when sleeping.
Visually orientated spiders sleep at night as they cannot see in the dark. To protect themselves, they often suspend themselves from a single silken thread.
In the outdoors, the thread is attached to a tree branch or the underside of a leaf. If the spider is inside a home, an ideal place to hang safely is from the ceiling.
Dangling from a strand of web from the ceiling protects the spider from sudden attacks when it is sleeping. The spider will feel the vibrations of the thread from any predator that climbs on the strand or bumps it. This provides an early warning system for the spider so that it can escape or defend itself.
Another reason you may see spiders hanging from the ceiling is that they are in the process of moving from the ceiling to the floor, lower down on a wall, or some other surface. For the spider, spinning a thread and climbing down is a shortcut – a bit like going down a fire station pole.
Why Do Spiders Hang Upside Down From The Ceiling?
Spiders hanging from the ceiling sometimes look crumpled up like little bags. This phenomenon is seen most often at night, while these spiders are sleeping. Other times spiders may be seen hanging upside down from the thread attached to the ceiling.
The first reason the spider assumes a downwards position is that the web is produced from the back end of the spider’s abdomen. Researchers found another reason spiders are often seen upside down on their webs or hanging from threads.
Spiders that hang upside down seem to be better hunters. They are able to catch their prey faster and are more successful more often than spiders that face upwards.
How Do Spiders Attach Their Threads To The Ceiling?
Spiders can produce adhesive silk, which can anchor the web or strand to the ceiling or other surface. This does not explain how the spiders can get structural strands to stretch across distances and adhere to surfaces on the other side.
Scientists are not entirely sure how spiders attach structural web threads across considerable distances. These threads are not usually sticky, yet they seem to connect easily. One idea is that the strand of silk fastens utilizing static electrical forces.
Spiders produce silk from silk secreting organs on their abdomen, known as spinnerets. Silk exists in a liquid form inside the spider’s body. When the spider pulls the silk through the spinnerets, the silk transforms into a solid strand.
Spiders can get strands of a web from one location to another by lifting their spinnerets into the air. The breeze lifts the silken threads and blows them onto vegetation or some other surface some distance away from the spider.
Spiders can spin silk with different qualities. Some silk may be sticky for catching prey. Other silk strands are stiff as they are structural and must anchor webs. These structural strands are more robust than steel.
Spiders have six different silk proteins and two glue proteins in their bodies. These proteins are combined in distinct formulas to produce silk with altered characteristics.
How Do Spiders Climb Their Threads To the Ceiling?
If you have ever been in a physical education class where they made you try and climb a rope to the roof, you will know that you need some super-strength for the task. Are spiders hyper-athletic creatures, or do they have another trick?
Mother Nature was kind to spiders and equipped them with fine hairs on their feet called setules. Setules have triangular tips and use van der Waals force to climb up silk strands, run on ceilings, or walk across a glass window.
Van der Waals force refers to the attraction that occurs between oppositely charged molecules. When a positively charged molecule is placed near a negatively charged molecule, a force of attraction holds the molecules in position.
Spiders use this force in hundreds of thousands of contact points on the tip of each hair. This allows them to do seemingly impossible feats, such as walking on slippery surfaces or scaling a silk strand hanging from the ceiling.
Spiders do not hang from ceilings to scare you spitless or watch what you are doing. Spiders hanging from ceilings may be settling in for a good night of sleep, going about the business of finding something for lunch, or just moving from A to B. They are fascinating to watch, and it is even more astounding when you understand the intricacies of silk production.