Last Updated on April 3, 2022 by Barry Gray
Wood is a lovely and simple building material because of its distinctive grain patterns and natural tones. In addition, a porous, soft surface makes it easy to nail and screw together parts. For a chemically solid and long-lasting connection, on the other hand, the best wood glue is the way to go. That said, what are some of the best wood glues?
The best wood glue creates a chemical bond between two surfaces of woodworking projects and repairs by soaking into the wood fibers. You may use wood glue in various applications, including furniture construction, woodworking, cabinetry, and outdoor crafts. So, what makes this list of wood glues the best currently available?
7 Of The Best Wood Glues
Today’s wood glues are more potent than ever, with some of the best adhesives outperforming the wood itself. More good news: certain wood glues are non-toxic and can be used on food preparation equipment such as cutting boards.
There are a few well-known wood glue products that promise to keep nearly everything together, including wood to wood, wood to plastic, wood to metal, and even plastic to metal materials.
So how can you find the best wood glue for your requirements among all of the available options? That’s where this list falls in. So, starting with the well-known Gorilla Wood Glue, let’s look at what makes it bond to the best.
Gorilla Wood Glue With Natural Wood Color
The 6206005 Wood Glue from Gorilla Glue lives up to the company’s reputation for high-quality glues and tapes. In addition, this durable PVA glue has an indoor-outdoor recipe, allowing DIYers to use the same adhesive to create everything from cupboards to outdoor furniture.
It’s sandable and dries to a natural hue, making it simple to conceal seams. All you need is a damp towel or a sponge to clean up. Gorilla’s Wood Glue performed admirably in tests, attaching two pieces of wood with long-grain orientation and forming a solid miter connection.
Unfortunately, when the wood was wrenched apart, the glue bond broke way first, tearing the wood apart. The only significant drawbacks are that the 36-ounce container doesn’t have a handle, which makes the application a bit awkward, and that it takes 24 hours to cure.
Titebond 5003 II Premium Wood Glue
This PVA Titebond wood glue is waterproof and sturdy, making it ideal for fastening outdoor furniture, birdhouses, planters, and other outdoor wooden objects. It should only be used on non-food products.
While it’s terrific for light work, it doesn’t have a strong bond, so if you’re fixing outdoor furniture that’s supposed to carry a lot of weight, you should use a screw instead.
It dries to a pale yellow tint, and some enthusiasts have complained that the nozzle is too large for smaller models. Over 1,000 customers, on the other hand, vouch for this product, writing, “Used this for years mending wooden outdoor furniture and it is fantastic and waterproof as claimed.”
Elmer’s E7310 Carp Wood Glue Max
This wood glue is an excellent choice for experts working on projects that require exceptional strength. Elmer’s Wood Glue Max, made by the most well-known name in the glue business, combines power and convenience at a low price.
The wood glue has a clamp time of 30 minutes and takes 24 hours to bind fully. It’s also heat, mildew, and mold resistant, so you may use it for a wide range of tasks.
One hitch of this product is that the adhesive is thick and difficult to squeeze out of the 16-ounce bottle. You should also ensure that the top is appropriately screwed on because the glue will dry up quickly.
Titebond III Ultimate Wood Glue
Titebond has created a few types of wood glues that may be used on cutting boards and other wooden food preparation devices. Because it dries off-white, it’s best to wash clean surfaces while the glue is still wet. Other suggestions include using clamps for a stronger connection and allowing at least 24 hours for drying.
Keeping the lid closed properly will prevent the glue from drying out in the dispenser, extending the product’s life. “I used it to connect oak and mahogany to produce a wonderful cutting board,” one satisfied customer said. This glue is tidy, simple to apply, and makes a strong connection.”
Starbond EM-02 Super-Fast Premium Thin Wood Glue
The EM-02 Super Fast Thin, Premium CA glue from Starbond isn’t a standard wood glue, but it is in the workshop. This glue has a very slim composition that can enter even the tiniest fractures and strengthen the wood.
It also forms quick bonding, allowing a woodworker to utilize it alongside stronger glues to prevent clamping while the glue cures. The package includes a variety of nozzles and tips that enable the user to apply the CA glue with pinpoint precision.
During testing, the Starbond CA adhesive proved to be a strong contender. It didn’t form the most robust connections, but it did create the fastest. In addition, the bottle was simple to use, and the extra nozzles were a nice feature.
The connection did break some wood fibers out when we purposefully broke the glue portions apart 24 hours later, which really pleased me.
Glue Masters Professional Grade Super Glue
Customers that undertake a lot of construction can benefit from this product. This super wood glue’s key characteristic is that it can be used underwater, making it ideal for repairing a fish tank or props in a home aquarium.
The container also contains a substantial amount of substance, so you may buy it once and use it for a long time. Furthermore, because the wood glue dries without staining, you won’t have to worry about hiding the spots where you apply it.
However, this wood glue has one disadvantage: it is not as strong as stated, and it takes longer to dry than other super glues on the market. It’s also a little watery, making application and cleaning a little messy.
J-B Weld 8257 KwikWood Wood Repair Epoxy Putty
You may use J-B Weld’s epoxy wood glue to repair or replace holes, cracks, bores, and other flaws in the wood. However, for best results, the ratio of the two ingredients must be perfect while mixing them together, and because it sets rapidly, using lesser quantities at a time is recommended.
“The holes were damaged and not simply stripped,” one customer said after using this to fix a cabinet that had all of the hinges pulled off when it was delivered. It was simple to use and not as messy as I had anticipated; it’s similar to playing with playdoh. If you don’t hold it together immediately before applying it, it won’t set.”
The Best Wood Glues: What To Consider
Before picking up any old glue off the shelf, many savvy consumers think about a few things. The resulting sections go over some of the most critical considerations to make when shopping for and comparing the best wood glues. Understanding these details might be the difference between a successful job and a failed repair.
The Adhesive Strength Of The Wood Glue
The ancient adage about wood glue is that the bond it creates is stronger than the wood fibers themselves. Many of the most excellent wood glues actually break fibers from the wood when separated, so there’s a lot of truth to it. Scenarios in which wood boards physically crack before the glue gives way are also feasible.
Certain glues aren’t as robust as others, but they aren’t all made to be the strongest. CA glue, for example, is seldom a long-term solution; it is more of an assist. For example, users can use PVA glue to prime two pieces of wood, then use CA glue to keep the boards together while the PVA glue cures.
The Dry Time Of The Wood Glue
One of the most decisive aspects to contemplate when picking the best wood glue is how long it will take to cure. PVA glue always takes a long time to cure, but CA glue adheres instantly. Here’s what you should expect from each glue type:
- PVA glue can provide a quick initial binding, but it usually takes 24 hours for it to fully dry.
- It takes less than a minute for CA glue to cure.
- Epoxies can heal in as little as ten minutes.
- In just a few hours, polyurethane glues can cure.
- Hide glue can take up to 24 hours to cure, but the connections can be undone at any time using steam.
Keep in mind that the time it takes for the glue to cure is different from the time it takes for them to hold. Many types of glue just need to be clamped for a few hours before you may remove them.
The Shelf Life And Storage Of The Wood Glue
The shelf life and storage techniques of a product are awfully essential since they may help select which goods to buy and what size to buy. For example, customers may save a lot of money on huge quantities of PVA glue, but PVA glue only lasts around a year.
After a year, its bonding properties deteriorate, which means a colossal jug might go to waste.
Polyurethane and hide glue both have a one-year shelf life, after which the hide glue deteriorates, and the polyurethane begins to harden due to moisture absorption. CA glues can be kept unopened in a freezer for up to ten years, assuming moisture does not get into the bottle.
The Color Of The Wood Glue
The color of the wood glue may be necessary depending on the application, project, or repair. For example, finding a substance that closely matches the wood or stain color might be crucial for glues that don’t sand well, such as epoxies.
While many people are wary of using an animal-based adhesive like hide-glue, it has one significant advantage: it does not affect stain penetration and color. As a result, hide glue is rarely visible when it comes to staining woodworking items and joints. The only caveat is that if it’s coated with latex paint, it may break or bubble.
The Viscosity Of The Wood Glue
Wood glues exist in a variety of viscosities and consistencies. CA glue, for example, is extremely thin and may efficiently run into hairline cracks. It is ideal for minor repairs, wood splitting, and even tiny wood chips that need to be put back in place.
Although PVA glue is thicker than CA glue, it can be watery. PVA glue steeps into the wood fibers quickly despite its thickness, resulting in tight, precise connection assembly.
Polyurethane and epoxy glues are even thicker. Polyurethane glues can expand as they dry, necessitating firm gripping pressure to make a precise bond. Epoxies are thick enough to cover cracks and gaps, then dry in place to restore a board’s strength and homogeneity.
What Are The Different Types Of Glues?
It’s critical to comprehend a few fundamental features of the many forms of wood glue and certain crucial words, such as binding force. For example, the force required to break the connection between the glue and the thing it’s binding together is commonly measured in pounds per square inch (PSI).
The phrase “closed assembly time” refers to the amount of time you have to place the parts before the glue dries.
Tack refers to how effectively the glue clings to the regions being set while being applied at appropriate temperatures; anything between 55°F and 85°F will lessen the possibility of “chalking,” the formation of a white powdery coating where you used the glue.
Finally, freeze-thaw stability refers to the bond’s capacity to withstand extreme cold followed by intense heat. The majority of typical varieties of wood glue are manufactured from:
- PVA (Polyvinyl acetate)
PVA is the most popular form of wood glue used today because of its adaptability in various applications, including woodworking and hobby making. It’s also non-toxic, washes clean with water, is inexpensive, allows you to move wood before it dries, and is quite solid once it does.
This adhesive’s second most popular glue is strong enough to attach numerous materials such as metal, plastic, or glass, but not finer goods such as antiques. It’s also UV-sensitive, so don’t use it outside. When both of the surfaces are moist, the glue activates.
- Cyanoacrylate (CA)
It is a wood adhesive that woodcarvers and woodturners primarily utilize. Because it dries quickly and provides a solid, transparent bond when dry, it’s also used to connect plastic to wood.
Epoxy is mainly used to cover pits in wood, such as on a deck. It is waterproof and may be used both inside and outside. It’s a two-part liquid glue with a resin and a curative that, when combined together, makes a complex, solid adhesive. The better the results, the longer it is left to dry.
Selecting the best work glue is a difficult task. Knowing which one is best for a precise circumstance is challenging because there are so many sorts and purposes. This article’s advice, information, and products will assist you in selecting the best wood glue for any job.